Governance

 

Aotearoa Youth Declaration is an annual conference for High School Students which connects young people with government policy. Participants work in Focus Groups to develop policy statements that represent their views and priorities on a range of subjects. The statements below were drafted by the participants of the Governance Focus Group, and approved by the participants at the Conference.

 

1. We recognise that the current voting age is at 18 years old. However, we strongly encourage that civics education should be actively endorsed within schools, after which lowering the voting age to 16 should be explored.
2. We recommend retaining the current system of Māori electoral seats while investigating more effective and democratic methods of ensuring Māori representation.
3. We advocate for greater awareness and prominence of the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi/Te Tiriti, including:

  1. Partnership;
  2. Duty of active protection of Māori people by the Crown;
  3. Right to redress in the event of a Treaty breach;
  4. Right of the Crown to govern;
  5. Recognition of Māori rangatiratanga over Māori land and culture.
4. We recommend giving prisoners the right to vote, with the exception of prisoners who have committed serious crimes including but not limited to:

  1. Murder;
  2. Airplane hijacking;
  3. Manslaughter;
  4. Terrorism;
5. We recommend lowering the MMP voting threshold to 3.4% (4 seats), to gain wider representation of minority opinions. We think the purpose of democracy is to uphold minority viewpoints as much as to allow the rule of the majority.
6. Participants were divided on whether New Zealand should adopt a codified constitution. Some participants opposed a written constitution as they thought it would prevent future evolution of New Zealand’s governing arrangements, particularly the role of the Treaty, while others were for it as they believed a written constitution could provide greater accountability on decision-makers.

 

An enormous thanks to the Focus Group participants, the Facilitators – Julia and Julia, the Conference Organising Committee, and the Event Sponsors.

 

Download the 2018 Youth Declaration

 

Sitting Down with Mark Mitchell

I was privileged to sit down with Mark Mitchell, the National MP for Rodney and discuss civics engagement and ask some burning questions I had in regards to youth engagement.

I firstly asked why he thought that a large proportion of high-schoolers deem politics to be boring or unimportant.

Mark’s perspective was that youth don’t see politics as relevant to their lives and that at this age they are busy with other factors of their lives, it is thus not at the forefront of their minds. Mark talked however about Rodney’s youth and said that comparatively in his area he has come across very politically engaged youth including those in his youth policy group; so he has hope for the future!

Following on from this idea of politics being unimportant or boring I focussed on what ways the political landscape could be altered to be less inhospitable to those that wanted to be engaged. I found it interesting that he found social media to be an important tool in changing this paradigm which I agree with as I think that as we move to a modern era where the media is increasingly important, we need to recognise and utilise it to our full advantage.

The growth of youth wings he thought was also beneficial as they provide youth with the chance to hold discussions with others, which often makes it easier when debating politics. He further spoke highly of the electoral commission’s work of placing voting booths at common places such as supermarkets in order to not only make it more accessible but to make it more “normal”.

In the last election, it was apparent that the age group with the lowest voter turnout was youth and I questioned Mark on if he thought it was the role of an MP to encourage youth to vote. His response; “Yes, absolutely”. Myself and Mark further to this had a conversation on the level of access to MP’s that we have in New Zealand and we both agreed that we are extremely lucky to have the level of openness and accessibility we do. However, youth need to utilise that more than they currently do.

In regards to countering this low youth voter turnout, it was Mark’s suggestion that the best ways to get involved were by joining a young political party but that engagement doesn’t just have to be on a national level it can be on a local level too with engagement with local boards and decisions made at that level. “ Organisations such as UN Youth are great for that sort of thing”.

 

Mark Mitchell, at a Global Coalition on the Defeat of ISIS meeting at Eigtveds Pakhus in Copenhagen, Denmark, May 9, 2017. (DOD photo by U.S. Air Force Staff Sgt. Jette Carr)

We discussed topical issues such as the lowering of the voting age and civics education in schools and it was very interesting to hear his opinions on both.

In regards to the voting age, he thought that “it shouldn’t be lowered if we are looking to lower it for the purposes of increasing youth engagement”. We need to instead focus first on building youth engagement for the age bracket of 18-24. Furthermore, you have to stop somewhere and as soon as you lower it then you have 14 and 15-year-olds wanting to vote.”

Mark was for the idea of civics education but recognised the strain it would place on our curriculum as it is currently full and there are always things that need to be included so it’s not as easy as we may think to introduce it.” But this is why organisations such as UN Youth are so useful and informative in providing youth with a civics education”.

As previously said the level of openness and accessibility is unbelievable in New Zealand and Mark really wanted to show that he is contactable on any medium; Facebook, Twitter, Email, Texting, and by visiting him in his electorate office.

The onus is now on you to make the first step and contact your local MP and connect, tell them what you think needs to be improved or what you want to see because that is how change happens.

 

By Julia Caulfield

The Venezuelan Crisis

At this very minute, a dire economic crisis is in full force in Venezuela, a South American country which many New Zealanders would find difficult to place on a map. Basic food and medical supplies have become scarce commodities, the currency has devalued to the point of worthlessness and the government is on the verge of collapse. But how did this happen in one of the world’s most resource-rich countries? It seems almost implausible that, in a world where the price of oil increases as finite supplies are depleted, that the country with the largest oil reserves would be suffering from such a crippling economic situation.

Basic necessities, from rice to toilet paper to paracetamol, are scarce resources in Venezuela. People queue for hours for small quantities of food, access to which may be manipulated by corruption or theft. Soldiers guard supermarkets to prevent rots. Government inaction has been blamed for deaths due to malnutrition or easily treatable illnesses. In fact, there are reports that conditions in Venezuela are akin to those in refugee camps, not a developed country. However, despite reports of that a humanitarian crisis is occurring, the Venezuelan government has declined international aid, blaming globalization and the 2014 fall in the price of oil, and rejecting any international interference.

 

An individual demonstrating, symbolically wearing chains. Photo by Carlos Díaz.

 

Venezuela’s difficult political history is often difficult to extricate from the complex economic issues the country faces. However, many trace the route of the crisis to 2014, when high oil prices dropped, drastically reducing the value of Venezuela’s most important export, oil, and causing a recession. Burdened with historical debt with decreasing resources to pay it, the government limited imports to save costs. Due to a reliance on imports during more prosperous times, Venezuela has little domestic food production resources and thus shortages began.

Venezuela challenges our traditional perception of what a country in crisis looks like. Humanitarian disasters happen in developing states which lack infrastructure and resources, not one of a continent’s most resource-rich countries. Perhaps the most important idea which can be taken from it is that globalization and high levels of overseas imports may not always bring prosperity. As interdependence increases, so too does the risk to smaller countries, to countries who borrow heavily and to countries who turn away from traditional methods of domestic production to more lucrative developments.  

 

By Grace Thurlow

World Freedom of Press Day

 

I didn’t even know World Freedom of Press Day was a thing. Maybe that’s just me. Maybe everyone else knew it about it. Either way, now that I do know about it, here’s why it’s important.

The 3rd of May, according to UNESCO, is a date which “celebrates the fundamental principles of press freedom, to evaluate press freedom around the world, to defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession.”

 

Wide view of participants in a panel discussion on the occasion of “World Press Freedom Day 2007”, at UN Headquarters in New York. UN Photo/Evan Schneider

 

In other words, today is a day in which we remember how valuable it is to have a press that is free from outside intervention and are capable of reporting on the stories that matter to New Zealanders.

As a working journalist, albeit one that is often found writing about cats up trees or reporting on something a Kardashian said, I still understand the vital importance of a free press.

If a story needs telling – even if it damages those in positions of power – I can tell it.

In some countries around the world, journalists aren’t so lucky.

According to Reporters Without Borders, an international non-profit organisation dedicated to freedom of information and of the press, more than a third of the world’s people live in countries where there is no press freedom.

Unsurprisingly, a number of the countries at the bottom of the press freedom scale are those with the most repressive, dictatorial governments – North Korea and Turkmenistan, for example.

Conversely, and thankfully, New Zealand was ranked in the top 5 in 2016, alongside Finland, the Netherlands, Norway and Denmark.

What this means is that in countries without a free press, citizens are shut out from the conversations that really matter. In my opinion, while much of the media serves to entertain or to inform, the real importance of journalism is holding power to account.

Genuine political discourse is important to allow people to make informed decisions and understand their place in society.

 

A radio journalist at work in Juba, South Sudan, on World Press Freedom Day UN Photo/Isaac Billy

 

So, sure, I didn’t know that May 3rd was World Freedom of Press Day before sitting down to write this piece. But now I do – and I know that it’s something that deserves acknowledgement.

Because in New Zealand, we’re fortunate enough to have a free and functioning press– but so many millions of people aren’t.

Millions of people are left without a voice and the chance for abuses of power to be checked and corrected.

Without a free press, what hope do we have for fair governance and a working democracy?

I think, none.

 

By Stewart Sowman-Lund

A Day Spent in Parliament

Our accessibility to those sitting in Parliament is astounding and my experience last week was an exceptional example of the openness our MP’s show.

Last week I had the privilege of shadowing Marja Lubeck, a list MP for the Labour Party from the Rodney electorate. It was such an incredible experience and opportunity to go behind the scenes and see the day to day workings of Parliament.

My day started with a breakfast at Parliament in cooperation with Autism New Zealand for World Autism Awareness, where we heard from Keir and the difficulties he himself faced living with Autism and that his parents faced as well as how LEGO was vital in helping him to communicate.

Sitting in this room I felt so insignificant listening to so many change-makers and people who tirelessly worked to raise awareness for Autism.

It was incredibly affirming to see the Minister for Social Development and Disability Issues Carmel Sepuloni speak in response to Autism NZ’s concerns surrounding education and health and show what the ministry is doing in regards to development in these areas.

It was great to be able to crush any idea I had that MP’s just sit behind their desks all day, but that they actually get out and interact with people who are deeply affected by the decisions that they make.

Marja is a member of the Education and Workforce Select committee which I was lucky enough to sit in on; they were looking at an amendment to a bill on the term ‘teacher’ which at the outset may sound boring but was in fact incredibly interesting (to me anyway!)

I was able to see the MP who proposed the amendment speak on it, giving her reason why it was important to her. It was a great opportunity for me to learn more about the select committee process.

 

Julia with Marja Lubeck

 

Wednesday was a light day for Marja so we had a bit of downtime in her office and were able to talk about her time in Parliament.  It was really valuable to hear from a new MP, how she was finding Parliament and the rules that govern what she is able to do.

We discussed civics education and the importance of it as well as the talk on lowering the voting age; it was very surreal to be discussing these ideas with someone who decides the law surrounding these topics.

Before question time we walked over to where the media gather in wait for MP’s in order to ask questions about the latest hot topics; it was shocking to watch the media swarm over MP’s and hound them for answers.

Marja was kind enough to quickly introduce me to Jacinda Ardern and I think it is such a testament to the friendliness of our MP’s that we are able to meet the Prime Minister with such ease, especially if we look to the United States as a comparison.

Question Time as always, was enlightening with the Government and opposition fighting it out; it was particularly interesting with the recent news about Claire Curran and RNZ.

It was enjoyable to watch a school group’s faces when there was shouting and name-calling being heard; they were so incredibly shocked because we are led to think that Parliament is such a civilised place- yet when you are fighting for what you believe is right, it isn’t so much.

I had the most incredible day with Marja and I thank her and Nick for being incredibly hospitable towards me and ensuring I had an enjoyable day!

 

By Julia Caulfield